Boonyarach Kitiyanan, PhD

boonyarach.k@chula.ac.th
02 2184144

Boonyarach Kitiyanan, PhD

Professor

Education

8/2000

Ph.D., Chemical Engineering

SCHOOL OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING AND MATERIALS SCIENCE, UNIVERSITY OF OKLAHOMA, NORMAN, OK, USA
5/1995

M.S., Petrochemical Technology

THE PETROLEUM AND PETROCHEMICAL COLLEGE, CHULALONGKORN UNIVERSITY, BANGKOK, THAILAND
4/1993

B.Sc., Chemical Technology (Honor)

CHULALONGKORN UNIVERSITY, BANGKOK, THAILAND

EXPERIENCE

09/2019 – Present

Graduate School, Chulalongkorn University, Associate Dean

10/2016 – Present

The Petroleum and Petrochemical College, Chulalongkorn University, Professor

10/2014 – 10/2016

The Petroleum and Petrochemical College, Chulalongkorn University, Associate Professor

10/2012 – 09/2016

The Petroleum and Petrochemical College, Chulalongkorn University, Associate Dean

7/2010 – 9/2012

The Petroleum and Petrochemical College, Chulalongkorn University, Assistant Dean (Administrative Affairs)

5/2007 – 4/2010

National Center of Excellence for Petroleum, Petrochemicals and Advanced Materials, Chulalongkorn University, Assistant Director

1/2003 – 10/2014

The Petroleum and Petrochemical College, Chulalongkorn University, Assistant Professor

5/2005 – 11/2006

Graduate School of Materials Science, Nara Institute of Science and Technology , Japan,
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Postdoctoral Fellowship for Foreign Researchers, research topic “Design and Synthesis of Novel Supported Metal Complex Catalysts for Precise Olefin Polymerization” with Prof. Kotohiro Nomura

6/1995 - 1/2003

The Petroleum and Petrochemical College, Chulalongkorn University, Lecturer

1/1996 - 6/2000

School of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, University of Oklahoma, USA,
Graduate Assistant

PUBLICATIONS (in refereed journal)

68.

Z. Sun, P. Unruean, H. Aoki, B. Kitiyanan, K. Nomura, “Phenoxide-Modified Half-Titanocenes Supported on Star-Shaped ROMP Polymers as Catalyst Precursors for Ethylene Copolymerization”, Organometallics, 2020, 39(16), 2998–3009.

67.

P. Unruean, T. Plianwong S. Prukasawan, B. Kitiyanan, R.M. Ziff, “Kinetic monte-carlo simulation of methane steam reforming over a nickel surface” Catalysts, 2019, 9(11), 946.

66.

P. Unruean, W. Apisuk, Y. Kawabata, T. Maruyama, B. Kitiyanan, K. Nomura, “Effect of supported MAO cocatalysts in ethylene polymerization and ethylene/1-hexene copolymerization using Cp*TiCl2(O-2,6-iPr2C6H3) catalyst” Molecular Catalysis, 2019, 475, 110490.

65.

S. Kungsanant, S. Kittisrisawai, P. Suriya-Amrit, B. Kitiyanan, S. Chavadej, S. Osuwan, J. F. Scamehorn, “Study of Nonionic Surfactants on HVOCs Removal from Coacervate Solutions using Cocurrent Vacuum Stripping in a Packed Column.” Separation Science and Technology, 2018, 53 (6), 2662-2670.

64.

A. Siangsai, K. Inkong, S. Kulprathipanja, B. Kitiyanan, P. Rangsunvigit. “Roles of Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate on Tetrahydrofuran-Assisted Methane Hydrate Formation.” Journal of Oleo Science, 2018, 67 (6), 707-717.

63.

P. Insorn, B. Kitiyanan, “Selective Hydrogenation of Concentrated Vinyl Acetylene Mixed C4 by Modified Pd Catalysts: Effect of Cu” Catalysts, 2016, 6, 199-211.

62.

S. Prukasawan, B. Kitiyanan, R.M. Ziff “Partial oxidation of methane on a nickel catalyst: Kinetic Monte-Carlo simulation study” Chemical Engineering Science, 2016, 147, 128-136.

61.

P. Insorn, B. Kitiyanan, “Selective hydrogenation of mixed C4 containing high vinyl acetylene by Mn-Pd, Ni-Pd and Ag-Pd on Al2O3 catalysts” Catalysis Today, 2015, 256, 223-230.

60.

S. Yorsaeng, Y. Kato, K. Tsutsumi, A. Inagaki, B. Kitiyanan, M. Fujiki, K. Nomura, “Synthesis of Well-Defined Oligo(2,5-dialkoxy-1,4-phenylene vinylene)s with Chiral End Groups: Unique Helical Aggregations Induced by the Chiral Chain Ends”, Chemistry-A European Journal, 2015, 21, 16764-16768.

59.

S. Yorsaeng, K. Tsutsumi, B. Kitiyanan, K. Nomura, “Synthesis and structural analysis of tungsten-carbonyl dimers bridged with oligo(2,5-dialkoxy-1,4-phenylenew vinylene)s through pyridine coordination”, Dalton Transactions, 2015, 44, 16728-16736.

58.

P. Sridechprasat, A. Siangsai, B. Kitiyanan, S. Kulprathipanja, P. Rangsunvigit, “Effects of initial pressure on the decomposition of LiBH4 and MgH2 mixture” Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy, 2015, 17, 1239-1246.

57.

A. Siangsai, P. Rangsunvigit, B. Kitiyanan, S. Kulprathipanja, “Investigation on the roles of activated carbon particle sizes on methane hydrate formation and dissociation mixture” Chemical Engineering Science, 2015, 126, 383-389.

56.

J. Thavorn, J.J. Hamon, B. Kitiyanan, A. Striolo, B. P. Grady, “Competitive Surfactant Adsorption of AOT and TWEEN 20 on Gold Measured Using a Quartz Crystal Microbalance with Dissipation” Langnuir, 2014, 30, 11031-11039.

55.

T. Jermwongratanachai, G. Jacobs, W. D. Shafer, V.R.R. Pendyala, W. Ma, M. K. Gnanamani, S. Hopps, G.A. Thomas, , B. Kitiyanan, S. Khalid, B. H. Davis, “Fischer-Tropsch synthesis: TPR and XANES analysis of the impact of oxidation-reduction (OR) cycles on the reducibility of Co/alumina catalysts with different promoters (Pt, Ru, Re, Ag, Au, Rh, Ir)” Catalysis Today, 2014, 228, 15-21.

54.

T. Jermwongratanachai, G. Jacobs, W. D. Shafer, W. Ma, V.R.R. Pendyala, B. H. Davis, B. Kitiyanan, S. Khalid, D. C. Cronauer, A. J. Kropf, C. L. Marshall, “Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis: Oxidation of a Fraction of Cobalt Crystallites in Research Catalysts at the Onset of FT at Partial Pressures Mimicking 50 % CO Conversion”, Topics in Catalysis, 2014, 57, 479-490.

53.

K. Sakai, N. Umemoto, K. Aburai, Y. Takamatsu, T. Endo, B. Kitiyanan, M. Matsumoto, H. Sakai, M. Abe, “Physicochemical Properties of Oleic Acid-Based Partially Fluorinated Gemini Surfactants”, Journal of Oleo Science, 2014, 63, 257-267.

52.

A. Siangsai, P. Rangsunvigit, B. Kitiyanan, “Improved Methane Hydrate Formation Rate Using Treated Activated Carbon and Tetrahydrofuran” Journal of Chemical Enginering of Japan, 2014,47, 352-357.

51.

N. Lertrojanachusit, O. Pornsunthorntawee, B. Kitiyanan, J. Chavadej, S. Chavadej, “Separation and purification of carbon nanotubes using froth flotation with three sequential pretreatment steps of catalyst oxidation, catalyst removal, and silica dissolution” Asia-Pacific Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2013,8, 830-842.

50.

T. Jermwongratanachai, G. Jacobs, W. Ma, W. D. Shafer, M. K. Gnanamani, P. Gao, B. Kitiyanan, B. H. Davis, J. L. S. Klettlinger, C. H. Yen, D. C. Cronauer, A. J. Kropf, C. L. Marshall, “Fischer–Tropsch synthesis: Comparisons between Pt and Ag promoted Co/Al2O3 catalysts for reducibility, local atomic structure, catalytic activity, and oxidation–reduction (OR) cycles” Applied Catalysis A: General, 2013, 464-465, 165-180.

49.

K. Sakai, Y. Saito, A Uka, W. Matsuda, Y. Takamatsu, B. Kitiyanan, T. Endo,H. Sakai, M. Abe, “Quaternary ammonium-type gemini surfactants synthesized from oleic acid: aqueous solution properties and adsorption characteristics” Journal of Oleo Science, 2013, 62(7), 489-498.

48.

P. Rangsunvigit, Y. Suttisawat, B. Kitiyanan, S. Kulprathipanja, “Effects of Different Ti-compounds on the Reversibility of NaAlH4” International Journal of Energy Research, 2013, 37, 713-719.

47.

W. Apisuk, B. Kitiyanan, H.J. Kim, D. H. Kim, K. Nomura, “Introduction of reactive functionality by the incorporation of divinylbiphenyl in ethylene copolymerization with styrene or 1-hexene using aryloxo-modified half-titanocenes and MAO catalysts” Journal of Polymer Science Part A – Polymer Chemistry, 2013, 51, 2581-2587.

46.

W. Apisuk, A. G. Trambitas, B. Kitiyanan, M. Tamm, K. Nomura, “Efficient ethylene/norbornene copolymerization by half-titanocenes containing imidazolin-2-iminato ligands and MAO catalyst systems” Journal of Polymer Science Part A – Polymer Chemistry, 2013, 51, 2575-2580.

45.

W. Apisuk, N. Suzuki, H.J. Kim, D. H. Kim, B. Kitiyanan, K. Nomura, “Efficient terpolymerization of ethylene and styrene with -olefins by aryloxo-modified half-titanocene-based catalysts and cocatalyst systems” Journal of Polymer Science Part A – Polymer Chemistry, 2013, 51, 2565-2574.

44.

K. Nomura, H. Fukuda, W. Apisuk, A. G. Trambitas, B. Kitiyanan, M. Tamm, “Ethylene copolymerization by half-titanocenes containing imidazolin-2-iminato ligands–MAO catalyst systems” Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, 2012, 363–364, 501-511.

43.

K. Nomura, H. Fukuda, W. Apisuk, A. G. Trambitas, B. Kitiyanan, M. Tamm, “Ethylene copolymerization by half-titanocenes containing imidazolin-2-iminato ligands–MAO catalyst systems” Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, 2012, 363–364, 501-511.

42.

P. Sridechprasat, Pattaraporn, L. Phuirot, P. Rangsunvigit, B. Kitiyanan, S. Kulprathipanja, “A Revisit to the Hydrogen Desorption/Absorption Behaviors of LiAlH4/LiBH4: Effects of Catalysts” Energies, 2012, 5, 3691-3700.

41.

T. Sritapunya, B. Kitiyanan, J.F. Scamehorn, B.P. Grady, S. Chavadej, “Wetting of polymer surfaces by aqueous surfactant solutions” Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 2012, 20, 30-41.

40.

T. Sritapunya, S. Jairakdee, T. Kornprapakul, S. Somabutr, K. Siemanond, K. Bunyakiat, B. Kitiyanan, J. F. Scamehorn, B. P. Grady, S. Chavadej “Adsorption of surfactants on carbon black and paper fiber in the presence of calcium ions” Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 2011, 389, 206-212.

39.

M. Suttipong, N.R. Tummala, B. Kitiyanan, A. Striolo, A “Role of Surfactant Molecular Structure on Self-Assembly: Aqueous SDBS on Carbon Nanotubes” Journal of Physical Chemistry C., 2011, 115, 17286-17296.

38.

N. Suriyaprapadilok, B. Kitiyanan “Synthesis of Solketal from Glycerol and Its Reaction with Benzyl Alcohol” Energy Procedia, 2011, 9, 63-69.

37.

O. Pornsunthorntawee, S. Chuaybumrung, B. Kitiyanan, S. Chavadej “Purification of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes (SWNTs) by Acid Leaching, NaOH Dissolution, and Froth Flotation” Separation Science and Technology, 2011, 46, 2056-2065.

36.

S. Thaicharoensutcharittham, V. Meeyoo, B. Kitiyanan, P. Rangsunvigit, T. Rirksomboon “Hydrogen production by steam reforming of acetic acid over Ni-based catalysts” Catalysis Today, 2011, 164, 257-261.

35.

P. Sridechprasat, Y. Suttisawat, P. Rangsunvigit, B. Kitiyanan, S. Kulprathipanja “Catalyzed LiBH4 and MgH2 mixture for hydrogen storage” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2011, 36, 1200-1205.

34.

S. Pansiripat, O. Pornsunthorntawee, R. Rujiravanit, B. Kitiyanan, P. Somboonthanate, S. Chavadej “Biosurfactant production by Pseudomonas aeruginosa SP4 using sequencing batch reactors: Effect of oil-to-glucose ratio” Biochemical Engineering Journal, 2010, 49, 185–191.

33.

A. Bampenrat, V. Meeyoo, B. Kitiyanan, P. Rangsunvigit, T. Rirksomboon, “Naphthalene steam reforming over Mn-doped CeO2–ZrO2 supported nickel catalysts” Applied Catalysis A: General, 2010, 373, 154-159.

32.

Y. Suttisawat, P. Rangsunvigit, B. Kitiyanan, S. Kulprathipanja “A reality check on using NaAlH4 as a hydrogen storage material” Jounal Solid State Electrochem, 2010, 14, 1813–1819.

31.

A. Siangsai, Y. Suttisawat, P. Sridechprasat, P. Rangsunvigit, B. Kitiyanan, S. Kulprathipanja “Effect of Ti Compounds on Hydrogen Desorption/Absorption of LiNH2/LiAlH2/MgH2” Journal of Chemical Engineering of Japan, 2010, 43, 95-98.

30.

Y. Suttisawat, P. Rangsunvigit, B. Kitiyanan, M. Williams, P. Ndungu, M.V. Lototskyy, A. Nechaev, V. Linkov, S. Kulprathipanja “Investigation of hydrogen storage capacity of multi-walled carbon nanotubes deposited with Pd or V” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2009, 34, 6669-6675.

29.

S. Sawettaporn, K. Bunyakiat, B. Kitiyanan “CO2 gasification of Thai coal chars: Kinetics and reactivity” Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering, 2009, 26, 1009-1015.

28.

S. Kungsanant, B. Kitiyanan, T. Rirksomboon, S. Osuwan, J.F. Scamehorn “Recovery of Nonionic Surfactant from VOC-contaminated coacervate phase solutions by co-current vacuum stripping: Effect of surfactant concentration, temperature, and solute type” Separation and Purification Technology, 2009, 66, 510-516.

27.

S. Thaicharoensutcharittham, V. Meeyoo, B. Kitiyanan, P. Rangsunvigit, T. Rirksomboon “Catalytic combustion of methane over NiO/Ce0.75Zr0.25O2 catalyst” Catalysis Communications, 2009, 10, 673-677.

26.

P. Chungchamroenkit; S. Chavadej; J. F. Scamehorn; U. Yanatatsaneejit; B. Kitiyanan.” Separation of carbon black from silica by froth flotation part 1: Effect of operational parameters” Separation Science and Technology, 2009, 44, 203-226.

25.

K. Nomura, J. Liu and B. Kitiyanan, “Nonbridged half-titanocenes as effective catalysts for synthesis of new polyolefins by olefin copolymerization”, Current Topics in Catalysis, 2009, 7, 1-20.

24.

S. Kungsanant, B. Kitiyanan, T. Rirksomboon, S. Osuwan, J.F. Scamehorn “Toluene removal from nonionic surfactant coacervate phase solutions by vacuum stripping” Separation and Purification Technology , 2008, 63, 370-378.

23.

K. Nomura, B. Kitiyanan “Recent progress in precise synthesis of polyolefins containing polar functionalities by transition metal catalysis” Current Organic Synthesis, 2008, 5, 217-266.

22.

A. Bampenrat, V. Meeyoo, B. Kitiyanan, P. Rangsunvigit, T. Rirksomboon “Catalytic Oxidation of Naphthalene over CeO2-ZrO2 Mixed Oxide Catalysts” Catalysis Communications, 2008, 6, 2349–2352.

21.

P. Chungchamroenkit, S. Chavadej, U. Yanatatsaneejit, B. Kitiyanan “Residue catalyst support removal and purification of carbon nanotubes by NaOH leaching and froth flotation” Separation and Purification Technology , 2008, 60, 206–214.

20.

B. Kitiyanan and K. Nomura “Synthesis of Half-Titanocenes Containing Aryloxide Ligands Attached to the ROMP Polymer Chain End: Unique Catalyst Precursors for Ethylene (Co)polymerization” Organometallic, 2007, 26, 3461-3465.

19.

C. Jindarom, V. Meeyoo, B. Kitiyanan, T. Rirksomboon, P. Rangsunvigit “Surface characterization and dye adsorptive capacities of char obtained from pyrolysis/gasification of sewage sludge” Chemical Engineering Journal, 2007, 33, 239–246.

18.

Y. Suttisawat, P. Rangsunvigit, B. Kitiyanan, N. Muangsin and S. Kulprathipanja “Catalytic effect of Zr and Hf on hydrogen desorption/absorption of NaAlH4 and LiAlH4” International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2007, 32, 1277 – 1285.

17.

K. Nomura, J. Liu, S. Padmanabhan and B. Kitiyanan “Nonbridged half-metallocenes containing anionic ancillary donor ligands: New promising candidates as catalysts for precise olefin polymerization” Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical, 2007, 267, 1-29.

16.

Y. Suttisawat, V. Jannatisin, P. Rangsunvigit, B. Kitiyanan, N. Muangsin and S. Kulprathipanja, “Understanding the effect of TiO2, VCl3, and HfCl4 on hydrogen desorption/absorption of NaAlH4” Journal of Power Sources, 2007, 163, 997-1002.

15.

P. Chungchamroenkit, B. Kitiyanan, J.E. Herrera, S. Chavadej, D.E. Resasco, “Growth of single-walled carbon nanotubes by disproportionation of CO over Co-Re/SiO2 catalysts” Diffusion and Defect Data Pt.B: Solid State Phenomena, 2007, 121-123, 337-341.

14.

P. Thipkhunthod, V. Meeyoo, P. Rangsunvigit, B. Kitiyanan, K. Siemanond, T. Rirksomboon, “Pyrolytic characteristics of sewage sludge” Chemosphere, 2006, 64, 955–962.

13.

B. Kitiyanan, and K. Nomura, “Effect of catalyst loading in olefin polymerization catalyzed by supported half-titanocenes on polystyrene through phenoxy linkage” Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis, 2006, 161, 213-218.

12.

J. Jitputti, B. Kitiyanan, P. Rangsunvigit, K. Bunyakiat, L. Attanatho, and P. Jenvanitpanjakul, “Transesterification of crude palm kernel oil and crude coconut oil by different solid catalysts”, Chemical Engineering Journal, 2006, 116, 61–66.

11.

J. Jitputti, B. Kitiyanan, P. Rangsunvigit, K. Bunyakiat, L. Attanatho, and P. Jenvanitpanjakul, “Transesterification of crude palm kernel oil and crude coconut oil by different solid catalysts”, Chemical Engineering Journal, 2006, 116, 61–66.

10.

P. Thipkhunthod, V. Meeyoo, P. Rangsunvigit, B. Kitiyanan, K. Siemanond, and T. Rirksomboon “Predicting the heating value of sewage sludges in Thailand from proximate and ultimate analyses”, Fuel, 2005, 84, 849-857.

9.

C. Sun, H. Miyazawa, Y. Kondo, N. Yoshino, K. Abe, M. Sagisaka, B. Kitiyanan, T. Ohkubo, H. Sakai, and M. Abe, “Solution properties of sulfate-type fluoro-hybrid anionic surfactants with a benzene ring in their molecules” Journal of Oleo Science, 2004, 53 (8), 371-376.

8.

J.H. O’Haver, R. D. Walks, B. Kitiyanan, J.H. Harwell and D. A. Sabatini, “Packed column and hollow fiber air stripping of a contaminant-surfactant stream” Journal of Environmental Engineering, 2004, 130 (1), 4-11.

7.

P. Punnaruttanakun, V. Meeyoo, C. Kalambaheti, P. Rangsunvigit, T. Rirksomboon, and B. Kitiyanan, “Pyrolysis of API separator sludge”, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 2003, 68-69, 547-560.

6.

M. Sagisaka, S. Yoda, Y. Takebayashi, K. Otake, B. Kitiyanan, Y. Kondo, N. Yoshino, K. Takebayashi, H. Sakai, and M. Abe, “Preparation of a W/scCO2 microemulsion using fluorinated surfactants”, Langmuir, 2003, 19, 220-225.

5.

D. E. Resasco, W. E. Alvarez, F. Pompeo, L. Balzano, J. E. Herrera, B. Kitiyanan and A. Borgna, “A scalable process for production of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) by catalytic disproportionation of CO on a solid catalyst”, Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 2002, 4, 131-136.

4.

W. E. Alvarez, B. Kitiyanan, A. Borgna and D. E. Resasco, “Synergism of Co and Mo in the catalytic production of single-wall carbon nanotubes by decomposition of CO, CARBON, 2001, 39, 547-558.

3.

B. Kitiyanan, W. E. Alvarez, J. H. Harwell and D. E. Resasco, “Controlled production of single-wall carbon nanotubes by catalytic decomposition of CO on bimetallic Co-Mo catalysts”, Chemical Physics Letters, 2000 , 317, 497-503.

2.

B. Kitiyanan, J. H. O’Haver, J. H. Harwell and D. A. Sabatini, “The use of liquid-liquid extraction in hollow fiber membrane for the removal of organic contaminants from aqueous surfactant streams” in “Surfactant-Based Separations Science and Technology” J. F. Scamehorn and J. H. Harwell eds. ACS Symposium Series 740, page 76, 1999.

1.

B. Kitiyanan, J.H. O’Haver, J.H. Harwell and S. Osuwan, “Adsolubilization of styrene and isoprene into cetyltrimethylammonium bromide admicelle on precipitated silica”, Langmuir, 1996, 12, 2162-2168.

PATENTS

11.

D. E. Resasco, B. Kitiyanan, W. E. Alvarez, and L. Balzano, “Method and apparatus for producing carbon nanotubes”, US Patent 7585482 (2009).

10.

D. E. Resasco, B. Kitiyanan, J. H Harwell, and W. E. Alvarez, “Method of making carbon nanotubes”, US Patent 7563428 (2009).

9.

D. E. Resasco, B. Kitiyanan, W. E. Alvarez, and L. Balzano “Process and apparatus for producing single-walled carbon nanotubes”, US Patent 7,459,138 (2008).

8.

D. E. Resasco, B. Kitiyanan, W. E. Alvarez, and L. Balzano “Method and apparatus for producing carbon nanotubes”, Mexican Patent Number: 237966 (2007).

7.

D. E. Resasco, B. Kitiyanan, J. H. Harwell, and W. E. Alvarez “Method of producing single-walled carbon nanotubes”, US Patent 7,094,386 (2006)

6.

D. E. Resasco, B. Kitiyanan, J. H. Harwell, and W. E. Alvarez “Carbon nanotube product comprising single-walled carbon nanotubes”, US Patent 6,994,907 (2006).

5.

D. E. Resasco, B. Kitiyanan, J. H. Harwell, and W. E. Alvarez “Metallic catalytic particle for producing single-walled carbon nanotubes”, US Patent 6,962,892 (2005).

4.

D. E. Resasco, B. Kitiyanan, W. E. Alvarez, and L. Balzano “Method and apparatus for producing carbon nanotubes” , US Patent 6,955,800 (2005).

3.

D. E. Resasco, B. Kitiyanan, W. E. Alvarez, and L. Balzano “Process and apparatus for producing single-walled carbon nanotubes” , US Patent 6,919,064 (2005).

2.

D. E. Resasco, B. Kitiyanan, W. E. Alvarez, and L. Balzano “Method and apparatus for producing carbon nanotubes”, US Patent 6,413,487 (2002).

1.

D. E. Resasco, B. Kitiyanan, J. H. Harwell, and W. E. Alvarez “Method of producing carbon nanotubes”, US Patent 6,333,016 (2001).